When it comes to dealing with heartburn, the doctor will always recommend a ?no-drug’ approach, which mainly involves dietary and lifestyle changes. Other patients use home remedies to cure their heartburn. If such methods do not work, however, your doctor can recommend some effective medications for heartburn. The available medicines include antacids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and H2 Blockers.
The kind of medications you choose will partly depend on how intense your heartburn symptoms are. Although there are many over-the-counter (OTC) medications available to treat heartburn, it is important to consult your health care provider before you buy anything. Here are the available medications for heartburn.
Antacids are effective in easing frequent heartburn and digestive disorders. The active ingredient in such medications neutralizes the acid that is responsible for the pain in the stomach.
Also, if you use antacids, it is important to take it for special relief of moderate heartburn or digestive disorder. If you take these medications for more than two weeks, it means that the heartburn could be a result of a more serve problem. Therefore, you need o undergo further tests to ascertain the real cause of the problem.
The available antacids include:
Some side effects do not necessarily require medical intervention unless they are persistent. These include stomach gas and constipation. However, some side effects require immediate medical attention and they include nausea, irritability, headaches, confusion and allergic reactions.
Also known as H2 receptor antagonists, H2 blockers are medications used to reduce stomach acid by blocking histamine h2 receptor, which is a crucial acid producer. Parietal cells line the stomach and are responsible for the production of stomach acid. The production of acid in the stomach is triggered by histamine. H2 blockers block histamine signals that stimulate the stomach to produce acid.
Although there are side effects associated with H2 blockers, the majority of users do not experience any major problems when they use the medications as instructed. Some side effects typically do not call for medical intervention and they include headache, nausea and diarrhea. However, if the problem persists, it is important to consult your health care provider. Other serious side effects include dark urine, allergic reactions, depression, nervousness, agitation and redness of the skin.
The available H2 blockers include:
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)
The PPIs work by inhibiting the release of stomach acid. They block a stomach system called a proton pump, which is a molecule in particular stomach cells. This hinders the functioning of the pump, and hence, the production acid in the stomach is blocked.
Medical experts recommend PPIs for the treatment of GERD, stomach ulcers, or various digestive disorders.
As a group of medication, PPI are normally safe and barely causes any serious side effects. However, if you experience bothersome or persistent side effects, make sure that you consult your doctor. These may include mild rash, headache, dizziness, cough, stomach pain, vomiting, stomach upset, indigestion and diarrhea.
The available Proton Pump Inhibitors include:
Selecting medications for heartburn can be a challenging task. Always be sure to a product labs since the contain information about drug uses, dosage and warnings. And if you are in doubt, don’t hesitate to see your GP.